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Archival descriptions
The Retreat Archive series
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PATIENTS' PAPERS

BackgroundThis section comprises papers by or relating to patients, covering four distinct time periods: the early 19th century, the 1850s to 1870s, the early to mid 1880s, and the early 20th century.The relatively small number of early nineteenth...

FILES, CORRESPONDENCE AND PAPERS

This section includes general correspondence (mostly about patients) and correspondence on particular topics. There is other correspondence elsewhere in The Retreat archive. Papers on Land and Buildings, RET 2/2, include correspondence. The sectio...

RETREAT OPERATING THEATRE

The operation of pre-frontal leucotomy was introduced into the UK in 1943 and in that year six Retreat patients were given pre-frontal-leucotomies.Such operations at the Retreat in the early 1940s were performed by a surgeon from the Department of...

PENSIONS

At public asylums, pensions were available for officers and servants under legislation passed as early as 1853. However, private institutions like the Retreat were not covered by this and subsequent statutory provision. The Lunacy Commissioners re...

Retreat Psychiatrists' private consulting practice

Retreat psychiatrists also acted as consultants, seeing private patients and patients referred to them by other doctors. Private patients were seen either at the Retreat, or at consulting rooms elsewhere.Such consulting work formally began under D...

NURSE TRAINING AT THE RETREAT

Formal training of Retreat nurses began in 1894. Nurse probationers [student nurses] received training through practical experience and lectures, took examinations and were awarded Retreat certificates (the Tuke Certificate). Outstanding nurses mi...

REGISTERS OF MECHANICAL RESTRAINT AND SECLUSION

The Act 53 Victoria c. 5 Sect. 40 (the Lunacy Act of 1845) provided for the controlled use and certification of mechanical restraint which was to be regulated by the Commissioners in Lunacy. The regulations of the Commissioners (later the Board of...

PAPERS ON THE HISTORY OF THE RETREAT

This section includes both transcripts made of the Retreat archives, and notes on the history of The Retreat. They were all compiled at the RetreatThe transcripts were probably made mid 20th centuryMost of the papers and notes (unless specified ot...

STAFF RULES AND REGULATIONS

These are in addition to the general rules and regulations of the Retreat (see RET 1/3). They are instructions to the nurses and attendants and reveal much detail and information about the daily routines of staff and patients at the Retreat, patie...

RETREAT MAGAZINES

Issues of Harbour Lights, 1923-1941; Old Tuke's Almanak, 1952-1954; and Phoenix, 1956 -1959.

ENQUIRIES INTO PLACES AT THE RETREAT

This correspondence relates to requests for information about the Retreat, the terms on which patients were admitted and the fees paid on behalf of patients. Both incoming and outgoing material is included. The enquiries are arranged by date and a...

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