John Mackintosh & Sons Ltd, confectionery manufacturers

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

John Mackintosh & Sons Ltd, confectionery manufacturers

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1890-1969

History

John Mackintosh was born in 1868 in Cheshire and moved to Halifax soon afterwards. After he married he set up a small pastry shop in Kings Cross Lane, Halifax. He soon decided on toffee as a speciality to sell and developed a blend of brittle English toffee with soft American caramel. The first product was Mackintosh's Celebrated Toffee. In 1894 he purchased a warehouse in Bond Street, Halifax, and in 1895 the business moved to Hope Street.

In 1899 the company of John Mackintosh Ltd was formed with a capital of £15,000 and by 1903 the company was exporting all over the world. During the same year a factory was built in Queens Road. It was destroyed in 1909 but rebuilt soon afterwards. Premises in Albion Road were lease whilst the new Queens Road factory was being built and were then retained on a permanent basis.

John Mackintosh died on 27 January 1920 and his son Harold became chairman. In the same year the company was put into voluntary liquidation and the firm of John Mackintosh and Sons formed. In 1929 Mackintosh began the manufacture of chewing gum sold from machines. In 1925 the business of North Kerry Manufacturing Co. was purchased and NKM toffee introduced.

In 1930 the Irish business of Mackintosh and Rowntree merged to form the Associated Chocolate and Confectionery Co. Ltd. Joint working arrangements with Rowntree and Co. for the manufacture of chewing gum led to the formation of Allied Confectionery Manufacturers Ltd. In 1932 the business of A. J. Cayley and Sons Ltd of Norwich was purchased and in 1939 the two firm merged and reorganised as one company. In 1964 Mackintosh acquired the firm of Joseph Bellamy and Sons of Castleford, liquorice manufacturers. Mackintosh's best known product, Quality Street, was launched in 1936.

In 1969 John Mackintosh & Sons merged with Rowntree & Co to form Rowntree Mackintosh PLC.

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Yorkshire Moulds Ltd (25 June 1947 - 15 December 2015)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Yorkshire Moulds Ltd is owned by John Mackintosh & Sons Ltd, confectionery manufacturers

Dates of the relationship

1970-1995

Description of relationship

Yorkshire Moulds was a wholly-owned subsidiary of John Mackintosh and Sons from 2nd January 1972

Related entity

Rowntree Mackintosh plc, confectionery manufacturers (1969-1988)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

temporal

Type of relationship

Rowntree Mackintosh plc, confectionery manufacturers is the successor of John Mackintosh & Sons Ltd, confectionery manufacturers

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Related entity

Burton, Colin, 1935-2009, confectioner (1935-2009)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship

hierarchical

Type of relationship

Burton, Colin, 1935-2009, confectioner is employee of John Mackintosh & Sons Ltd, confectionery manufacturers

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Access points area

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

GB 193

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

Status

Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion

Created 07.10.15.

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Judy Burg, 'A Guide to the Rowntree and Mackintosh Company Archives 1862-1969' (York, 1997)

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