Type of entity
Authorized form of name
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Other form(s) of name
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Dates of existence
John Mackintosh was born in 1868 in Cheshire and moved to Halifax soon afterwards. After he married he set up a small pastry shop in Kings Cross Lane, Halifax. He soon decided on toffee as a speciality to sell and developed a blend of brittle English toffee with soft American caramel. The first product was Mackintosh's Celebrated Toffee. In 1894 he purchased a warehouse in Bond Street, Halifax, and in 1895 the business moved to Hope Street.
In 1899 the company of John Mackintosh Ltd was formed with a capital of £15,000 and by 1903 the company was exporting all over the world. During the same year a factory was built in Queens Road. It was destroyed in 1909 but rebuilt soon afterwards. Premises in Albion Road were lease whilst the new Queens Road factory was being built and were then retained on a permanent basis.
John Mackintosh died on 27 January 1920 and his son Harold became chairman. In the same year the company was put into voluntary liquidation and the firm of John Mackintosh and Sons formed. In 1929 Mackintosh began the manufacture of chewing gum sold from machines. In 1925 the business of North Kerry Manufacturing Co. was purchased and NKM toffee introduced.
In 1930 the Irish business of Mackintosh and Rowntree merged to form the Associated Chocolate and Confectionery Co. Ltd. Joint working arrangements with Rowntree and Co. for the manufacture of chewing gum led to the formation of Allied Confectionery Manufacturers Ltd. In 1932 the business of A. J. Cayley and Sons Ltd of Norwich was purchased and in 1939 the two firm merged and reorganised as one company. In 1964 Mackintosh acquired the firm of Joseph Bellamy and Sons of Castleford, liquorice manufacturers. Mackintosh's best known product, Quality Street, was launched in 1936.
In 1969 John Mackintosh & Sons merged with Rowntree & Co to form Rowntree Mackintosh PLC.