Labour Party

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Labour Party

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1906-

History

The Labour Party is a British democratic socialist political party that has its origins in the foundation of the Labour Representation Committee in 1900 and the emergence of a distinct Labour group in Parliament. Following the 1906 general election the members of this parliamentary association decided formally to adopt the name 'The Labour Party' on 15 February 1906.

The Labour Party formed a minority government under Ramsay MacDonald in 1924 and again in 1929-1931, but was returned with a large majority in the 1945 general election. During the 1945-1951 government Labour, under Prime Minister Clement Atlee, established the National Health Service and the Welfare State and took key industries and utilities into national ownership. Labour was returned to power again in 1964-1970 and 1974-1979, pursuing a programme of liberal social reforms.

In 1979 Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative Party won the general election and Labour remained in opposition until 1997 when they were returned to power under Tony Blair and remained in government until 2010.

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Access points area

Occupations

Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

GB 193

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

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Dates of creation, revision and deletion

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