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The Labour Party is a British democratic socialist political party that has its origins in the foundation of the Labour Representation Committee in 1900 and the emergence of a distinct Labour group in Parliament. Following the 1906 general election the members of this parliamentary association decided formally to adopt the name 'The Labour Party' on 15 February 1906.
The Labour Party formed a minority government under Ramsay MacDonald in 1924 and again in 1929-1931, but was returned with a large majority in the 1945 general election. During the 1945-1951 government Labour, under Prime Minister Clement Atlee, established the National Health Service and the Welfare State and took key industries and utilities into national ownership. Labour was returned to power again in 1964-1970 and 1974-1979, pursuing a programme of liberal social reforms.
In 1979 Margaret Thatcher’s Conservative Party won the general election and Labour remained in opposition until 1997 when they were returned to power under Tony Blair and remained in government until 2010.