fonds NHS/MHC - Monkgate Health Centre Archive

Identity area

Reference code



Monkgate Health Centre Archive


  • c 1969 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.02 cubic metres

1 box

Context area

Name of creator


Administrative history

Monkgate Health Centre (or Health Services Centre) was opened for operation in August 1968 (the official opening was on 21 March 1969). It was the first Health Centre opened in the City of York under Section 21 of the National Health Service Act 1946. Health Centres under the Act differed from existing local authority clinics and health centres because they housed not only local authority staff and health services but also general practitioners. Thus, GPs, health visitors, home nurses, midwives and others worked as a team to provide a more integrated primary care service for the community.

Monkgate Health Centre took over and added to the services which had from 1948 to 1968 been provided by York Corporation at Duncombe Place Health Centre, which was consequently closed. Monkgate became the central city Health Centre, and it existed alongside a number of other old-style health centres and clinics scattered through the city and its suburbs.

The premises at Monkgate had formerly been home to the Grey Coat School. In 1960 York City Council decided to purchase the building for the Health and Education Committees with the long term plan of using it to site a combined Health Centre and School and Dental Clinic. The School Clinic occupied the building from 1961. The opening of the Health Centre in 1968 was the second part of the scheme and the accommodation thus provided a basis for an integrated maternity and child health and school health service.

The services based at Monkgate Health Centre in 1968 included health visiting, domiciliary midwifery, home nursing, home help and infant welfare services. There were two general practitioner suites, and accommodation was also provided for cytology, immunisation clinics and family planning clinics. The centre served an area of about one mile in radius with a population of about 20,000.

After the opening of Monkgate Health Centre, plans were made for the opening of other Health Centres (as defined by the 1946 NHS Act) in York's suburbs. The first of these, Clifton Health Centre at Water Lane, Clifton, was opened in 1972, converted from the pre-existing health centre there.

Mongate Health Hentre was run by York Corporation until NHS reorganisation in 1974, when all the personal health services, including clinics and health centres, which had previously been managed by local authorities, became part of the NHS and were managed along with hospital services by the new Health Authorities. Within North Yorkshire Area Health Authority, York Health District inherited a number of clinics and health centres, not just in York but also in the surrounding area. A very few of these were Health Centres as defined by the 1946 NHS Act: Monkgate Health Centre and Clifton Health Centres in York; Easingwold Health Centre, opened in 1971 by the North Riding County Council; Haxby and Wigginton Health Centre, planned by North Riding County Council from the late 1960s, which was under construction in 1974 and opened late in that year; and Poppleton Health Centre, formerly in the West Riding. In 1979, Strensall Health Centre was opened, and since then, more Health Centres have been established, for example, Clementhorpe Health Centre in York, and Acomb Health Centre at Beech Grove. These are part of a larger number of clinics and health centres which have been run since 1974 by York Health District (to 1982), York Health Authority (1982-92) and York Health Services NHS Trust (from 1992).

Monkgate Health Centre continues to fulfil its role as a Health Centre today. In addition, it has, since 1974 fulfilled the role of HQ of NHS Community Services With changes in the NHS ongoing in 1999, and the establishment of Primary Care Groups (eventually to become Primary Care Trusts), health centres and clinics will be managed by these new bodies in the future, alongside a range of primary care and GP services.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

The archive was deposited at the Borthwick Institute in 1995 as part of the transfer of York Health Archives to the Institute from their temporary home at Clifton Hospital.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Programme from official opening of Health Services Centre, Monkgate, 1969; photographs of interior with drawing of interior and plans of ground and first floor layout, c.1969.


Further accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Records are open to the public, subject to the overriding provisions of relevant legislation, including data protection laws. 24 hours' notice is required to access photographic material.

Conditions governing reproduction

A reprographics service is available to researchers subject to the access restrictions outlined above. Copying will not be undertaken if there is any risk of damage to the document. Copies are supplied in accordance with the Borthwick Institute for Archives' terms and conditions for the supply of copies, and under provisions of any relevant copyright legislation. Permission to reproduce images of documents in the custody of the Borthwick Institute must be sought.

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

A typescript finding aid, to file level, is available for consultation in the searchroom of the Borthwick Institute.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

For related material held by the Borthwick Institute, see the archives of North Yorkshire Area Health Authority (1974-82), York Health District (1974-82), York Health Authority (1982-92) and York Health Services NHS Trust (1992-). At present much of the Community Services material is unlisted, please contact the Institute for more information regarding access. A photograph of Monkgate Health Centre can also be found in York Medical Officer of Health's printed annual report, 1969.

Additionally, material relating to the Health Centre, and its context within public health and community services for the pre 1974 period can be found in the records of York City Health Department at York Explore, and in the printed annual reports of the York Medical Officer of Health to 1972 (available at the Borthwick Institute, and also at York Explore and at York Explore Reference Library).

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

GB 193

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAD (G): General International Standard Archival Description, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2000); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion



  • English



Accession area