fonds NHS/RAW - Rawcliffe Hall Hospital Archive

Identity area

Reference code



Rawcliffe Hall Hospital Archive


  • c 1963-1968 (Creation)

Level of description


Extent and medium

0.04 cubic metres

2 boxes

Context area

Name of creator


Administrative history

Rawcliffe Hall Hospital, situated at Rawcliffe, near Goole, and a converted private mansion, was opened in c.1921 by the West Riding County Council as a mental deficiency hospital for women patients.

In 1948 the hospital became part of the Goole, Howden and Selby Hospital Management Committee, and when the latter was dissolved in 1966 Rawcliffe Hall came under York ‘B’ Group. It had 165 beds in 1966 and was occupied by women and children. There were around 140 resident patients in the early to mid 1960s, rising to over 150 patients by the early 1970s. The catchment area was mostly the south east region of the West Riding.

Much effort was made by York ‘B’ Group to develop the grounds and gardens which were in a ‘poor state’ in 1966. There were also improvements to the hospital building, and a major upgrading scheme took place in 1967-9 which improved facilities and added new ones, and included an overhaul of heating and sanitary facilities and redecoration.

A new children’s unit was opened in 1966-7 with 23 beds. Children were admitted for observation and diagnosis and a proportion remained in residence. Other services at the hospital included a spastics unit and a hospital school with two full time teachers, and a department for disturbed and autistic children. A new occupational therapy building opened in 1969. In 1971 a new prefabricated unit of 30 beds, St Margaret’s Ward, was opened for middle aged women patients who were moved from the main building in order to ease overcrowding. The new ward offered an informal ‘hostel’ environment. However, it was noted in 1971 that the overcrowding in the main block was still such that no progress could be made towards the establishment of separate ward units for patients on the first and second floors.

There were about 150 resident patients in the early 1970s. Community links were extended in this period: a ‘League of Friends’ was formed for the hospital in 1969 and the hospital was ‘adopted’ by Goole Grammar School, and pupils helped in the hospital and organised events.
There were some further alterations in the early 1970s, including a new kitchen, new offices and stores accommodation, a new paddling pool and sandpit, and a new staff dining room. A domestic science department was opened in the old kitchen building.

In 1974, Rawcliffe Hall was retained within York Health District because its accommodation for women complemented the accommodation for men offered by Whixley Hospital.

However, in a further rationalisation of hospitals, Rawcliffe Hall, along with Bubwith Hostel, was transferred to Scunthorpe Health District, within Humberside Area Health Authority, on 1 April 1976.

The hospital closed in 1994.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

The archive was deposited at the Borthwick Institute in 1995 as part of the transfer of York Health Archives to the Institute from their temporary home at Clifton Hospital.

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Administrative records, comprising House Committee minutes, 1966-1968, photographs, 1960s; land and building records, comprising bills of quantities for proposed alterations, 1963.


Further accruals are not expected.

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Records are open to the public, subject to the overriding provisions of relevant legislation, including data protection laws. 24 hours' notice is required to access photographic material.

Conditions governing reproduction

A reprographics service is available to researchers subject to the access restrictions outlined above. Copying will not be undertaken if there is any risk of damage to the document. Copies are supplied in accordance with the Borthwick Institute for Archives' terms and conditions for the supply of copies, and under provisions of any relevant copyright legislation. Permission to reproduce images of documents in the custody of the Borthwick Institute must be sought.

Language of material

  • English

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

A typescript finding aid, to file level, is available for consultation in the searchroom of the Borthwick Institute.

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

For related material held by the Borthwick Institute, see the archive of Claypenny Hospital and the archive of York B Group Hospital Management Committee and its successors, in particular its biennial reports, 1948-1974 (GB 193 YBG/1/2/10-13).

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

GB 193

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAD (G): General International Standard Archival Description, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2000); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion



  • English



Accession area