subfonds RAC/Cin - County Industries Ltd

Identity area

Reference code

RAC/Cin

Title

County Industries Ltd

Date(s)

  • 1937-c 1956 (Creation)

Level of description

subfonds

Extent and medium

Context area

Name of creator

(1940-1943)

Administrative history

County Industries Ltd was set up as a subsidiary company of Rowntree and Co. to manufacture armaments for the war effort during World War Two. The company was formally established in October 1940, and permission to operate was granted by the Ministry of Supply in December 1940. The company closed down in March 1943.

The establishment of the company came about when, to show willingness to help the war-effort, Rowntrees offered part of the cocoa works to the Ministry of Supply, whom accepted this offer and equipped the factory for the work of filling fuzes. The available factory space was a result of the Ministry of Food’s restrictions on the manufacture of Rowntree’s regular, peace-time lines. Government funds paid the company £31000 in capital costs, and Rowntree anticipated profits of over £10000 per annum. The company was considered to be successful and filled over 6.5 million fuzes in their nearly three years of operation.

The plant was staffed with Rowntree managerial, technical and factory personnel. George Spencer Crossley was the production director of the company, N. G. Sparkes was the works manager and J. W. Osbourne was the senior overlooker. The company developed itself using the policy followed at Royal Ordnance Factories as a guide, with much inspiration being taken from the operations at the Royal Ordnance Factory in Chorley. Correspondence seeking information on factory operations was often sent to Chorley; and Crossley, Sparkes and Osbourne took a trip to the factory from the 8th until the 10th of January, 1941.

The company was closed down by the Ministry of Supply in 1943 because nationally, fuzes were in surplus. In addition, the latest phase of the war created demands on labour for the manufacture of ships and aircraft, which could only be met through the closing down of other factories.

Archival history

Immediate source of acquisition or transfer

Content and structure area

Scope and content

Accruals

System of arrangement

Conditions of access and use area

Conditions governing access

Conditions governing reproduction

Language of material

Script of material

Language and script notes

Physical characteristics and technical requirements

Finding aids

Allied materials area

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Related units of description

See also Agreements, 1942, R/DH/R/62; The Cocoa Works in Wartime (booklet), R/DL/LE/7.

Related descriptions

Notes area

Alternative identifier(s)

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Description control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

Rules and/or conventions used

Level of detail

Dates of creation revision deletion

Language(s)

Script(s)

Sources

Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related genres

Related places