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William Murray Tuke was born in 1822, the son of Samuel Tuke, the York Quaker philanthropist, and his wife Priscilla Hack.
In 1846 William joined the family tea business in York. In 1848 he married Emma Williams, the daughter of Caleb Williams, physician and Visiting Medical Officer to The Retreat, and his wife Mary Mennell. Together they had six children, including William Favill, Emma Priscilla, Henry Samuel, and Beatrice Williams.
In 1849 William moved to London to help establish an office there. In 1863 he left the firm, joining his brother in law, banker George Stacey Gibson, and becoming a partner in the firm of Gibson, Tuke & Gibson, also known as Saffron Walden Bank.
In 1896 the firm amalgamated with Barclay & Co. Ltd, with William becoming one of the local directors. His son, William Favill Tuke, would later become Chairman of Barclays Bank, followed by William Favill's son, Anthony William Tuke, who was Chairman 1951-1962.
William Murray Tuke was a Quaker and like many of his family was involved in a number of philanthropic works, particularly at Saffron Waldon.
He died in 1903.