Vanbrugh, Henrietta Maria, c.1693-1776, wife of Sir John Vanbrugh

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Type of entity


Authorized form of name

Vanbrugh, Henrietta Maria, c.1693-1776, wife of Sir John Vanbrugh

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • Yarburgh, Henrietta Maria, c.1693-1719

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Description area

Dates of existence



Henrietta Maria Vanbrugh was born Henrietta Maria Yarburgh c.1693, the daughter of Colonel James Yarburgh of Snaith Hall and his wife Anne Hesketh.

In 1708 Anne inherited the manor and estate of Heslington, near York, from her father and the family relocated to Heslington Hall.

On 14 January 1719 Henrietta Maria married Sir John Vanbrugh, the architect and dramatist, at St Lawrence Church, Heslington, becoming Lady Vanbrugh. She was at that time aged 26 and Vanbrugh 55.

Colonel Yarburgh had been an aide de camp to the Duke of Marlborough who was also a patron of Vanbrugh and a prime mover in obtaining Vanbrugh his knighthood in 1714. Vanbrugh’s architectural works included Castle Howard in Yorkshire, Blenheim Palace in Oxfordshire, and Seaton Delaval in Northumberland. His dramatic works included 'The Relapse' (1696), and 'The Provoked Wife' (1697).

Following their marriage the couple moved to London, where they lived at Vanbrugh Castle, a house designed and built by Vanbrugh at the edge of Greenwich Park.

In 1720 their son Charles was born, and in 1722 another son, John, followed, although he died only a year later. Sir John himself died at Whitehall on 26 March 1726.

Following her husband's death, Lady Vanbrugh let Vanbrugh Castle and moved to Whitehall where she oversaw the education of their son, Charles, paying for him to learn Italian during his time at Westminster School before he went abroad to study at Lausanne. He joined the Compagnie des Nobles Fusillers there and was mortally wounded in the battle of Fontenoy, Hainault, dying on 12 May 1745. He was unmarried.

Henrietta Maria Vanbrugh died on 26 April 1776 at the age of 82.


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Relationships area

Related entity

Yarburgh family of Heslington (fl 1708-1962)

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Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

GB 193

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).


Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion




Kerry Downes, ‘Vanbrugh, Sir John (1664–1726)’ (Oxford, 2004)

Maintenance notes

Created by Sally-Anne Shearn, July 2015.
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