Borthwick Catalogue

Zimbabwe African National Union

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Zimbabwe African National Union

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

  • ZANU

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

1963-1987

History

The Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) was formed in August 1963 after a group of Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) members, disenchanted with the leadership of Joshua Nkomo, decided to found a new, more militant organisation. The movement, under the leadership of Ndabaningi Sithole and Robert Mugabe, was banned by Ian Smith's governing Rhodesian Front in 1964 and its leadership detained. ZANU nevertheless continued to be active and began guerrilla operations in 1969, basing itself in neighbouring Mozambique from 1974.

Mugabe assumed unilateral control of ZANU on 18th March, 1975. Later that year, a factional split along tribal lines led the Ndebele to follow Sithole into the moderate ZANU (Ndonga) party, who renounced violent struggle, while the Shona followed Mugabe with a more militant agenda.

ZANU won the 1980 elections under the leadership of Mugabe, and seven years later merged again with Joshua Nkomo's ZAPU to form the Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF).

Places

Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Control area

Description identifier

Institution identifier

GB 193

Rules and/or conventions used

ISAAR(CPF): International Standard Archival Authority Record for Corporate Bodies, Persons and Families, International Council on Archives (2nd edition, 2003); Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names, National Council on Archives (1997).

Status

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Dates of creation, revision and deletion

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Maintenance notes